Photo from, ‘The Most Beautiful Places in Ireland’, Conde Nast Traveler
Commons, House of: Devolution:
‘The formation of the Irish Free State in 1922, the associated creation of the Stormont parliament in Belfast from 1922 until its suspension in 1972, and the proposals for legislative devolution for Northern Ireland, Scotland and Wales in 1999 all had implications for representation in Westminster. In the first two decades of the century Irish Nationalist MPs played an important role at Westminster, particularly after the 1910 elections, in supporting the Asquith government and pressing for Irish home rule. Three-quarters of the members from Ireland were Nationalists in this period but Sinn Fein won three-quarters of the Irish seats in the 1918 election. The division of the island of Ireland in 1922 led to a reduction in the number of Irish MPs sitting in the commons from 101 to twelve. Because of the existence of the Stormont parliament, the constituencies of Northern Ireland MPs were larger than average in mainland Britain and its total number of members less. The convention also developed that ministers would not answer questions in the Commons within the remit of the Northern Ireland government (similar rulings were made after the launch of the Scottish parliament and Welsh assembly). Following the suspension of Storming the number of Northern Ireland MPs rose after the 1983 boundary changes to seventeen. A select committee for Northern Ireland affairs was not set up until 1994. The inauguration of the Scottish parliament and Welsh assembly in 1999 had few immediate implications for proceedings at Westminster, though a number of MPs had dual mandates. The Scotland Act also contained provisions to ensure that the average size of Scottish constituencies was the same as in England, thus reducing the number of MPs from Scotland’.
From, John Ramsden, Professor of Modern History at Queen Mary, University of London.